Max IV & ESS

Access to world-class research within 30 min


MAX-lab is a national electron accelerator laboratory for synchrotron radiation research, nuclear physics and accelerator physics.

MAX-lab is now to be extended, and with MAX IV it will be 100 times more efficient than any existing comparable synchrotron radiation facility in the world. Close to 1000 scientists come to the MAX IV Laboratory every year from around the world to use the X-rays produced by the electron accelerators to do research in areas such as physics, chemistry, geology, engineering, medicine, materials science, structural biology and nanotechnology. Some 170 people are currently employed at the MAX IV Laboratory, which will attract many skilled and curious workers during the coming years.

MAX IV Laboratory is located in Lund, Sweden, and hosted by Lund University. It is funded by the Swedish Research Council, VINNOVA, Lund University, Region Skåne and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.

European Spallation Source (ESS)

In an area of two square kilometres in north-west Lund, the European Spallation Source (ESS), a unique facility for materials research, will be built. The ESS will be a multidisciplinary scientific research centre harnessing the world’s most powerful neutron source. Researchers will be able to study the materials of everyday life, from plastics and proteins to medicines and molecules, in order to understand how they are built up and how they work.

The facility can be likened to a giant microscope, where neutrons are fired at different types of material so that they can be analysed in detail. ESS will be responsible for future research breakthroughs in medicine, environmental science, climate, communication and transport. Despite competition from British, Spanish, Hungarian and German rivals, Lund was given the honour of building the facility, which is being co-financed by a number of countries in the EU who will all benefit from it.

Along with the planned MAX IV facility, ESS will form a hub in the European research infrastructure. ESS is expected to be fully operational in 2020.


For more information:
– European Spallation Source
– Science Village Scandinavia